What is Lumio?

Lumio is a rollup technology suite that enables developers to build with any VM on any chain.

With Lumio rollups, developers can deploy applications with SVM, Move VM, and parallelized EVM that settle to Solana, Ethereum and other L1s. This allows applications to use native L1 assets like ETH and SOL with minimized trust assumptions secured by zk and fraud proofs.

Lumio currently supports: Solana VM, EVM, and Aptos Move VM. With VM equivalences, Lumio enables 100% compatibility, enabling app migrations that don't require code changes.

Lumio will be integrated into the shared sequencer of popular L2s on Ethereum such as Optimism to enable shared security, composability and liquidity within those ecosystems. On L1s with no L2 ecosystems such as Solana, Lumio will be deployed as a sovereign L2. Together, these separate instances of Lumio will be called the Lumio Chain Collective.

Lumio Chain Collective

Lumio will deploy a collective of Lumio rollup chains across various ecosystems starting with Solana and Ethereum. This is currently represented by several L2 testnet/devnet networks, as well as a canary network on the mainnet. Before diving into development, it's important to understand the differences between them.

Each network represents separate instances of Lumio. Each instance will have the name of the network where it will be deployed, for example 'Lumio on Optimism' and 'Lumio on Solana'.


The VMs are optimized for peak performance and flexibility, allowing devs to reuse their code across chains.

Achieve up to 3k TPS with <100 ms latency, scalable to a maximum of 10k TPS with the potential to expand to 30k TPS.

Read our research on the successful modifications we've implemented in the Move VM, which can also be applied to other virtual machines like the Solana VM (SVM).


The sequencer works like an orchestration node which makes it possible for the altVMs to function correctly, in the same time being connected to the L1 network and processing deposit transactions, state roots, cross VM calls, and finalizing state.

Data Availability

Lumio uses EigenDA or the L1 itself for hard finalization, with replication of community nodes for soft finalization. The rationale is that high TPS may introduce delays in transaction finalization, so employing soft commitments can expedite the process. This approach will enable the community to leverage their replication nodes and stakes to enhance the data availability of the network.

Cross-VM Calls

The Lumio framework facilitates calls between different Virtual Machines (VMs). This is achieved through specialized smart contracts/modules, which are integral parts of the framework (Move VM, Solana) and pre-deployed smart contracts (EVM).


Lumio v2 supports a wide range of optimistic and zk fault proofs. We have successfully compiled Move VM into Optimism Cannon MIPS to enable the execution of optimistic proofs. Plans are underway to integrate either Arbitrum Stylus or risc0, depending on the VM and performance requirements.

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